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Git Cheat Sheet

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Git configuration#

git config --global “Your Name”

Set the name that will be attached to your commits and tags.

git config --global “”

Set the e-mail address that will be attached to your commits and tags.

git config --global color.ui auto

Enable some colorization of Git output.

Starting A Project#

git init [project name]

Create a new local repository. If [project name] is provided, Git will create a new directory name [project name] and will initialize a repository inside it. If [project name] is not provided, then a new repository is initialized in the current directory.

git clone [project url]

Downloads a project with the entire history from the remote repository.


git remote add [alias] [url]

Add a git URL as an alias

git fetch [alias]

Fetch down all the branches from that Git remote

git merge [alias]/[branch]

Merge a remote branch into your current branch to bring it up to date

git push [alias] [branch]

Transmit local branch commits to the remote repository branch

git pull

Fetch and merge any commits from the tracking remote branch

Git branching model#

git branch [-a]

List all local branches in repository. With -a: show all branches (with remote).

git branch [branch_name]

Create new branch, referencing the current HEAD. $ git checkout [-b][branch_name] Switch working directory to the specified branch. With -b: Git will create the specified branch if it does not exist.

git merge [from name]

Join specified [from name] branch into your current branch (the one you are on currently).

git branch -d [name]

Remove selected branch, if it is already merged into any other. -D instead of -d forces deletion.

git rm [file]

Remove file from working directory and staging area.

git stash

Put current changes in your working directory into stash for later use.

git stash pop

Apply stored stash content into working directory, and clear stash.

git stash drop

Delete a specific stash from all your previous stashes.

Stage & Snapshot#

git status

Displays the status of your working directory. Options include new, staged, and modified files. It will retrieve branch name, current commit identifier,and changes pending commit.

git add [file]

Add a file to the staging area. Use in place of the full file path to add all changed files from the current directory down into the directory tree.

git diff [file]

Show changes between working directory and staging area.

git diff --staged [file]

Shows any changes between the staging area and the repository.

git checkout -- [file]

Discard changes in working directory. This operation is unrecoverable.

git reset [file]

Revert your repository to a previous known working state. $ git commit Create a new commit from changes added to the staging area. The commit must have a message!

Rewrite History#

git rebase [branch]

Apply any commits of current branch ahead of specified one

git reset --hard [commit]

Clear staging area, rewrite working tree from specified commit

git revert [commit sha]

Create a new commit, reverting changes from the specified commit. It generates an inversion of changes.

Temporary commits#

git stash

Save modified and staged changes

git stash list

List stack-order of stashed file changes

git stash pop

Write working from top of stash stack

git stash drop

Discard the changes from top of stash stack

git log [-n count]

List commit history of current branch. -n count limits list to last n commits.

git log --oneline --graph --decorate

An overview with reference labels and history graph. One commit per line.

git log ref..

List commits that are present on the current branch and not merged into ref. A ref can be a branch name or a tag name.

git log ..ref

List commit that are present on ref and not merged into current branch.

git reflog

List operations (e.g. checkouts or commits) made on local repository.

git log --pretty="format:%H"

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